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A Brief Overview of Pulmonary Diseases and Conditions

9 Sep

An attending physician at Respiratory Consultants of Houston, PA, Kenneth Scott Lloyd, MD, provides high quality care to his patients. As a pulmonologist, Dr. Kenneth Scott Lloyd uses his extensive experience to treat diseases and conditions associated with the respiratory tract, including the chest and lungs.

Pulmonary diseases are often associated with chest pain or coughing and trouble breathing. Less commonly, patients may experience headaches, pain in the arm or shoulder, and joint pain, as well. Pulmonary diseases are often diagnosed through testing of the patient’s ability to forcefully blow out air, an examination of their medical history, or through chest X-rays and CT scans. Common pulmonary diseases and disorders include pneumonia, asthma, emphysema, tuberculosis, and sleep apnea.

Obstructive lung disease is one of two major classifications of pulmonary diseases and is commonly caused by asthma, cystic fibrosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Obstructive lung disease is associated with shortness of breath and difficulty exhaling air from the body due to narrowed airways or damage to the lungs. Breathing often becomes especially difficult for patients with obstructive lung diseases during physical exercise or exertion. Pulmonary diseases may also be classified as restrictive lung diseases, in which the lungs are unable to completely expand and fill with air. Restrictive lung disease is often caused by obesity, scoliosis, interstitial lung disease, or neuromuscular disease. Patients with restrictive lung disease typically experience stiffness in the chest wall or the lungs and weakened muscles.